With trading partners all over the world, SGT prides itself as one of the top exporters
of natural and synthetic leather in the Middle East.
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Leather tanning is without a doubt one of the oldest human activities. In the beginning,
skins obtained from hunting and livestock breeding could be used for clothing or
tents, but they became stiff at low temperatures, while they rotted with heat. As
a result of innovations, the time required for tanning was shortened incredibly
from eight months to a year, to a period of a few days today. Skins and hides are
rarely used in their natural state as they are subject to rotting and temperature
variations (hard and rigid when the temperature is low, soft and flaccid when it
is high). The purpose of tanning is to eliminate these problems using suitable agents
of animal, vegetable, mineral or synthetic origin. SGT supplies upholstery leather
to major furniture and other leather product manufacturing companies worldwide.
The following are the types of Natural Leather:
- Pure Anilines
- Semi Anilines
- Corrected Grains
Synthetic leather is a man-made fabric that looks like leather. It has a leather-like
surface and is dyed and treated to make it have the look and feel of real leather.
These products are often used as a substitute for real leather because it is less
expensive and it does not require using a real animal hide to create. Artificial
leather can be dyed a variety of colors. It is durable and stain resistant, as well.
Artificial leather can be created to look like any type of leather desired. Many
consider it superior to real leather because of its diversity in looks and use.
Synthetic leather is widely applied to the luggage belt manufacturing, automobile
decorative, sofa leather, indoor decorative, sports shoes, leisure shoes, fashion
shoes, handbag, suitcase, wallet, garments and other artificial industry. Earlier
inferior technology was one factor holding back the growth of the artificial leather
industry. However, with technological advancements, synthetic leather being produced
now is much smoother, looks similar, and feels like leather. The fabric is versatile
and is fast replacing leather in a number of industries. The type of synthetic leather
is usually defined by what materials the leather is made of.
The following are some important types of synthetic leather:
Poromeric imitation leather
Sometimes referred to as poromerics, poromeric imitation leathers are a group of
synthetic "breathable" leather substitutes made from a plastic coating
(usually a polyurethane) on a fibrous base layer (typically a polyester).
Koskin is an artificial leather material commonly found in computer laptop cases.
It is made to look and feel like authentic leather.
Leatherette is a form of artificial leather, usually made by covering a fabric base
with plastic. The fabric can be made of a natural or a synthetic fiber which is
then covered with a soft PVC layer. One of its primary advantages, especially in
cars, is that it requires little maintenance in comparison to leather, and does
not crack or fade as easily.
PU leather (also known as split leather or Bicast leather) is a split leather with
a layer of polyurethane applied to the surface and then embossed. Bycast was originally
made for the shoe industry for glossy shoes, and recently was adopted by the furniture
industry. The resulting product has an artificially consistent texture that is easier
to clean and maintain. There are various classifications on PU synthetic leather.
The most common one is to divide it into two types: dry-process PU synthetic leather
and wet-process (coagulation process) PU synthetic leather.
Some other common types of artificial leather include those made of plant materials,
such as vegan leather, blended materials made of acrylic and fiber blends and vinyl
or PVC artificial leather.